The process of industrialization that has grown lately is inevitable. The presence of industries in the form of factories and companies in one region is expected to reduce unemployment, absorb labor and increase people’s lives.
Even so, a few years ago, a Basic Health Research stated that there were about 6% of the populations over 15 years old that were susceptible to suffer depression due to industrial pressure. If the productive population is around 180 million, around 10 million are vulnerable to suffer emotional disturbance.
Therefore, in the industrialization process, careful planning is needed, especially related to community mental health. Zoning is one solution that scopes the classification of heavy, medium, light industries, including the development of the tourism industry.
As we know, business competition in the era of disruption has made people feel that they are left out. Therefore, the community needs to gain insight and skills in order to feel involved. As well as having “added-value” in managing their lives.
Joseph Stiglitz in the book Creating a Learning Society; A New Approach to Growth, Development and Social Progress reminds all of us that the accumulation of creativity and innovation is more strategic than the accumulation of capital.
Since competition is getting tougher, in order to maintain mental-emotional balance, socio-cultural engineering is needed, in the form of increasing soft skills so as to give birth to a creative and independent mindset in the social system.
The community is supported to think positively, creatively and innovatively by prioritizing humanistic values. An intense communication process is needed in industrial development policies, so that the community is directed to a healthy, planned and integrated life.
Although technology and information in the Industrial Revolution 4.0 era were able to improve the welfare of the community, on the other hand, it is worth anticipating an increase in people’s emotional vulnerability.
One solution to maintain the welfare and mental health of the community is the development of the tourism industry. It is because all citizens can participate in tourism activities. Therefore, the government also promotes the development of attractions.
Activities such as tourism-aware community groups (pokdarwis/kelompok sadar wisata) are to increase the creativity and innovation of community. Therefore, the existence of the object actually also helps the wider community experiencing mental fatigue to release stress with the several available facilities.
Industrial life that consumes energy can be offset by the existence of a tourist attraction to reduce the prevalence of mental disorders. If the level of health and welfare of the community is met, naturally the wheels of the economy in one region will rotate quickly.
The development of Yogyakarta International Airport (YIA) in Temon, Kulonprogo, then the Borobudur Authority (BOB) manager of temple tourism objects, including the De’Loano Glamping tour in Purworejo Regency, Central Java, certainly has a multiplier effect on mental health, work spirit and welfare level of local residents.
The existence of YIA that is managed by PT Angkasa Pura 1, besides opening access to industrialization also has an impact on tourism development. Several companies in the Kulon Progo region can provide opportunities for community self-development through corporate social funds (CSR).
These activities actually open up opportunities for citizens to increase competitive advantage, productive behavior and various skills training to accompany job opportunities in the wide open industry.
Recently, the development of industry and tourism in DIY (Special Region of Yogyakarta) and Central Java is familiar with the term Joglosemar (Jogjakarta-Solo-Semarang). In the future, there are opportunities for industrialization and tourism in the Mangkupurwo area (Magelang-Kulonprogo-Purworejo). They are the areas that have not been much touched by industrialization.
In accordance with Joseph Stiglitz’s concept, socio-cultural engineering is nothing but the development of creativity and innovation through social activities, which will give birth to reliable entrepreneurs.
If citizens feel involved in development, both industrialization and tourism, the President’s push on industrial development and tourism is not mere rhetoric, but it is actually to improve the welfare and mental health of the people.
* The writer is an Industrial Psychologist / a Staff at a BUMN